Prevenzione Primaria dei Disturbi del Comportamento Alimentare con l’approccio “Problem-Based Learning”
Objectives. The objective of the study is to test the use of a method of learning, such as Problem Based Learning, as a prevention strategy for eating disorders. In this regard was carried out a summary of the research conducted in the primary prevention of eating disorders to date, identifying the characteristics of effectiveness of interventions to compare the characteristics of PBL as a new approach to prevention. Methods. The research was structured on guidelines of EPICOT whit which was been identified keywords to investigate database; the research was performed mainly on Pub Med, but also in other databases. Were selected 16 articles related to the primary prevention of ED and 9 articles relating to the use of PBL in various contexts of education, to these was added the bibliography to deepen the theory of PBL. Results. Research has led to a summary of the characteristics of effectiveness from use in primary prevention of ED such as interactive intervention, multisessions, use of cognitive dissonance, etc. All features are fully satisfy by Problem Based Learning, furthermore search results support the effectiveness of PBL in the development of Life Skills promoted by WHO as targets across all the programs of health promotion and prevention. Conclusions.The results lead to support the PBL as a new approach to the prevention of eating disorders and more efficacy studies are to be promoted to verify its use in specific contexts.
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