Tra archeologia della complessità e archeologia dei paesaggi

Gian Pietro Brogiolo, Annalisa Colecchia


An historic landscape is a systemic construction in progress, created by various elements such as infrastructures (roads, fluvial network), settlements, fortifications, production sites, ideological and cultural places. In order to investigate it, we must adopt a diachronic, complex and relational approach. Written sources, archaeological evidences and environmental indicators contribute towards outlining the various landscapes in their qualifying aspects and in their historical depth. In the last ten years we have efficiently carried out some research projects applying innovative methodologies and techniques, like the airborne laser scanning (LiDAR). GIS and WebGIS platforms allow for the control of the diachronic and synchronic relations between the different objects and favour a continuous increase in knowledge; they also allow for a multiple-perspective analysis and for a dynamic approach to the economic and social-cultural reality of the past. This holistic approach to the territory also promotes the variety of educational offers and the high-quality of geo-touristic proposals through thematic itineraries and summer schools. Sustainability and holistic reading are expressed in projects aimed at recovering the autochthonous genetic agricultural resources, at restoring disused structures, at enhancing traditional know-hows and ancient crafts. These initiatives involve local communities and encourage them to discover their own heritage and to play a crucial role in self-sustainable development.


landscape archaeology; community archaeology; geo-tourism; self-sustainable develop-ment; biodiversity

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